The baby making, the most beautiful thought of the life. Getting pregnant may turn your entire living from your body to your health, to your relations, to everything around.
When you start to think about extending your family, there may be many questions raising in your mind.
When to start thinking of baby?
Worried about not getting pregnant?
How to prepare yourself for pregnancy?
The information here will help you with useful inputs for planning your pregnancy in a healthy way.
1. Deciding to have a baby
Deciding to have a baby can be an enjoyable and exciting time. Planned pregnancy helps you in giving healthy birth and helps you remain healthy in the long run. The foremost thing is the would-be mom and would be dad, should be ready to take on the new responsibilities Have a parenting talk with your partner. Discuss with your partners the issues related to childcare. New born requires 24*7 attention, they may make you wake up in the mid of night with shrilling cries and you have a busy working day in the morning. This is something you must discuss with your partner to share the responsibility timing.
Some couples are concerned about their career and financial security. It is important to anticipate the time and attention you need to give to your new member and your partner and the dreams of your work and career. The nature of job will affect the upbringing of the child. Sometimes women have to give up her job and career for giving good time to her child. Before planning for a baby, one must prepare mind the implications the pregnancy may mark on career, women may have to take break from work or she may have to forego her opportunity for promotion.
Baby making is not as easy as it may sound. Infants don’t follow any clock. They may cry out for no reasons anytime. They make sleep during day and be awake at night and may also make you awake with them. You may have to cut down on your sleeping hours and get use to sneaking nap.
Most important point to is to know the strength of the relationship with your partner, is your relationship ready to take care of the third member of the family.
2. Some women can become pregnant quickly and some may take time. Many women get obsessed just after trying for a month or so of trying to conceive and not getting success. Generally, it is said couples should not worry for 12 months of trying regular sex without contraception Even after 12 months of trying regularly, success not in your favour then it must be consulted with the doctor.
Facing infertility problem may not turn out to be easy emotionally. Sometimes it is very humiliating to blame on other partner, many a times, Women takes the blame on herself without referring to the expert and undergo depression and stress which consequently effect the chances of pregnancy. It is important for the partners to be together.
Discuss the problem with Gynaecologist. A Gynae can help you assess your fertility and can help you optimising your fertility through change in your lifestyle or some medical treatment. Sometimes it may be just about the timing, women is most liking to get pregnant with a day or two of ovulation. This is usually 14 days to the next period
Infertility issues in females
There can be number of factors becoming hurdles in the way to pregnancy, a few common factors are listed below
Age: the egg count and egg quality starts to decline from the years 35. The women get less fertile as she grows old.
Uterine Fibroids: Fibroids are non-cancerous growths made up of muscle and fibrous tissue and vary in size. They’re found in or around the womb and cause symptoms such as heavy or painful periods, abdominal pain, lower back pain, constipation and pain or discomfort during sex.
Some women can have fibroids with no symptoms at all and will only discover they have them after an ultrasound scan.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): (PID is an infection which causes about 20 percent of its carriers to be infertile, but this can often be solved with treatment.) There are no obvious symptoms, but some women may have mild symptoms that may include one or more of the following:
– Pain around the pelvis or lower abdomen
– Discomfort or pain during sex that’s felt deep inside the pelvis
– Pain during urination
– Bleeding between periods and after sex
– Heavy periods
– Painful periods
– Unusual vaginal discharge, especially if it’s yellow or green.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a disease in which endometrium tissue, which normally grows inside the uterus, grows in an abnormal place outside of the uterus. Endometriosis patches can be found on or under the ovaries, on the fallopian tubes, behind the uterus, on the tissues that hold the uterus in place, or on the bowels or bladder. Not everyone with endometriosis will be infertile, but about 40% of infertile women have been diagnosed with endometriosis
Scar Tissue/Adhesions: Pelvic surgery can sometimes cause damage and scarring to the fallopian tubes making it difficult to conceive.
Ovarian Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can sometimes grow on the ovaries which can prevent eggs from developing or being released.
Cervical mucus defect: When you are ovulating, the mucus in your cervix becomes thinner so that sperm can swim through it more easily. If there is a problem with your mucus it can sometimes make it harder to conceive.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: PCOS is a condition that effects how the ovaries work. Approximately 1 in 10 women have PCOS, and it’s the most common cause of infertility. Symptoms can vary from person to person but include:
– Irregular periods or no periods at all
– Difficulty getting pregnant as a result of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate
– Excessive hair growth (hirsutism)
– Weight gain
– Thinning hair and hair loss from the head
– Oily skin or acne
Thyroid: The thyroid makes two important hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones regulate a person’s metabolism, the body’s process of using energy. Metabolism affects practically every function of the human body. The function of the thyroid can affect a woman’s ability to ovulate, thus making it harder to get pregnant. When the thyroid gland either produces too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little (hypothyroidism), it can interrupt a woman’s natural Menstrual cycle This in turn affects her ovulation cycle and can impede her ability to get pregnant
Infertility issues in Males
– Age His sperm count may not decrease, but it starts to lose motility around 40.
– Immune problems This can also impact motility and the sperm’s ability to implant itself in your egg.
– Weight issues (If your guy is underweight or overweight, it may be taking a toll on his sperm function.)
STDs (Untreated STDs could impact sperm transportation, but this can be improved dramatically if he seeks treatment.)
Infertility problems may drop like a bombshell in your desire of parenthood, Don’t take stress, communicate with your partner. Help each other understand the situation without putting blame on other. With the advancement in the science and Technology most of the diseases and deficiencies can be treated ant cured.
3. Another important aspect concerning is to prepare yourself for pregnancy before you get pregnant
Schedule a preconception visit: Visit your doctor. It will review your personal and family medical history, your present health, and any medications or supplements you’re taking. Certain medications and supplements are unsafe during pregnancy, and some may need to be switched before you even try to conceive because they’re stored in your body’s fat and can linger there.
Your doctor will likely discuss diet, weight, exercise, and any unhealthy habits you may have (such as smoking, drinking, and taking drugs); recommend a multivitamin; it may test you for immunity to childhood diseases such as chicken Pox and rubella as any disease you carry indeed, mark lifetime impact on your child.
Consider genetic carrier screening: Carrier screening is testing that’s done to see whether you or your partner carry a genetic mutation that could cause a serious inherited disorder in your baby. Some of the more common disorders screened for include cystic Fibrosis,Sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and Tay-Sachs disease. If both you and your partner are carriers of a disorder like cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease, or Tay-Sachs disease, your child will have a 1 in 4 chance of inheriting one defective gene from each of you and being born with the disease.
If any of you is found to have such disease before you conceive, your genetic counsellor can help sort out the reproductive choices and plan a family.
Monitor Ovulation: You’re most likely to get pregnant if you have sex within a day or so ovulation. This is usually about 14 days after before your next period (not the first day of your last period).
An egg lives for about 12 to 24 hours after it’s released. For pregnancy to happen, the egg must be fertilised by a sperm within this time. If you want to get pregnant, having sex every couple of days will mean there’s always sperm waiting in the fallopian tubes to meet the egg when it’s released.
Sperm can live for up to seven days inside a woman’s body. So if you’ve had sex in the days before ovulation, the sperm will have had time to travel up the fallopian tubes to ‘wait’ for the egg to be released. It’s difficult to know exactly when ovulation happens, unless you are practising natural family planning, or fertility awareness.
The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of a woman’s period (day one). Sometime after her period she will ovulate.
Ovulation occurs 14 days before the first day of the next period (not after) and then around 12-14 days after this she’ll have her next period. The average cycle takes 28 days, but shorter or longer cycles are normal. So a women with a 28 day cycle will ovulate on day 14 but a women with a 30 day cycle will ovulate day 16
Ovulation occurs each month when an egg is released from one of the ovaries.
Occasionally, more than one egg is released, usually within 24 hours of the first egg. At the same time, the lining of the womb begins to thicken and the mucus in the cervix becomes thinner so that sperm can swim through it more easily.
The egg begins to travel slowly down the fallopian tube. If a man and a woman have recently had sex, the egg may be fertilised here by the man’s sperm.
The lining of the womb is now thick enough for the egg to be implanted in it after it has been fertilised.
If the egg is not fertilised, it passes out of the body during the woman’s monthly period, along with the lining of the womb, which is also shed. The egg is so small that it cannot be seen.
In take of Folic Acid
If you and your partner are planning to conceive, you should start taking folic acid before you get pregnant. Folic acid helps to provide the best health outcomes for your baby when it is growing. Taking folic acid daily before and during pregnancy also prevents the occurrence of neural tube defects such as spina bifida, in your baby.
Folic acid is a man-made form of a B vitamin called folate. Folate plays an important role in the production of red blood cells and helps your baby’s neural tube develop into her brain and spinal cord. The best food sources of folic acid are fortified cereals. Folate is found naturally in dark green vegetables and citrus fruits.
Give up smoking and drinking alcohol
If you smoke or take drugs, now’s the time to stop. Many studies have shown that smoking or taking drugs can lead to miscarriage and pre mature birth and low-birth-weight babies. Keep in mind that some drugs can stay in your system even after their noticeable effects have worn off.
What’s more, research suggests that tobacco use can affect your fertility and lower your partner’s sperm count. In fact, studies have shown that even passive smoking may reduce your ability to get pregnant.
When you are planning a baby that means you will be eating for two not just one. A healthy mom can give birth to a healthy baby. Eating consciously is very important.health problems arising due to pregnancy and delivering a baby can effect your body for lifetime.Add proteins and calcium to your diet. Eat fresh fruits,reduce the intake of caffeine.Avoid street junk food. Add Omega 3 fatty acids to your diet by consuming fax seeds, walnuts,chia seeds. Omega 3 is food for child’s brain development.
Women who suffer from depression are twice as likely to have problems with fertility as women who don’t. When someone is clinically depressed, she can barely take care of herself, much less a baby. it’s hard to get pregnant when you’re depressed. Change your lifestyle, stay positive and happy.
Enjoy your sex life. Don’t have sex with your partner to produce a baby. Don’t make it a game of sperms and egg.
Have a happy healthy pregnancy.