According to the survey, near about 40,000 people get diagnosed with HIV every year in the United States. Human immunodeficiency virus, HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells. These cells help the immune system fight off infections. If left untreated, it leads to the disease AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). This virus destroyed the white blood cells called T-helper cell (CD4 cells) and make copies of its inside them.
How is HIV/AIDS spread?
Most people have a lot of questions about how they can get HIV/AIDS. HIV mainly transmitted by three ways: sex, significant exposure to infected body fluids or blood, and from mother to child during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. Therefore, here is a list of some common causes that may spread HIV.
Having sex without a condom with someone who has HIV.
Sharing needles or syringes with other people.
Used surgical instruments which are also used by HIV patients.
Through getting the HIV infected blood, semen.
From mother to child during pregnancy, birth and breast milk.
HIV is also found in saliva, sweat and tears, but not in high amount to transmit it.
It is also catching by anyone with toilet seats and mosquito bites.
It is not transmitted by casual contact with people, such as kissing, drink sharing, hugging and eating in one plate. It is a non-communicable disease.
What are the symptoms of HIV/AIDS?
HIV does not consist any exact symptom. In the initial stage of HIV, you may find some basic symptoms such as flu, infection and common diseases. These symptoms can appear 2 to 12 weeks after exposure. AIDS is an advance stage of HIV, in this level patient’s immune system badly damage and they diagnosed with many other diseases such as:
Long period of diarrhea.
Night sweats and frequent fevers.
Quick weight loss without any diet and exercise.
Severe vaginal yeast infection.
Swelling of gland which is located in throat, armpit and groin.
Deep, dry coughing.
Shortness of breathingMore bleeding from growths on the skin, from mouth, nose, anus, vagina.
Pain in the hands or feet, the loss of muscle control, paralysis.
Decreasing mental ability, personality change.
Fatigue and weakness.
Headache, unexplained tiredness, dizziness.