Diabetes : Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Diabetes is one of the most common non-communicable disease that slowly develop and have no permanent cure. However, you can control it by improving your eating habits and lifestyle. As it affects the life of several people, in all over the world, it becomes a leading cause of death. Although, the risk of developing diabetes is increasing steadily.

It is also referred as diabetes mellitus; a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose. It can be happened either because insulin production or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Insulin is produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. The diabetes disease can be categorized into two types: Type 1 and Type 2. The former names of these types are, insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

  1. First and most common symptom is frequent urination. In diabetes, you can spend your more hours in the bathroom as too much glucose develops in your blood.
  2. You feel more thirsty than usual.
  3. Your weight automatically reduces or increase.
  4. You feel numbness or tingling in your hand and feet.
  5. If you are over 50 and go through constant sexual dysfunction, it could be a symptom of diabetes.
  6. Some patients feel blurred vision and irritability, because of lack of energy.
  7. If your insulin is not working properly or glucose is not entering in your cells, then you will feel tired and fatigue.

Causes of Diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes:  Type 1 diabetes is caused by lack of insulin. Because the destruction of insulin-producing the beta cells in the pancreas. In this condition the immune system attack and destroy the beta cells. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and young teenagers.

  1. Genetic susceptibility, if your parents or relatives have diabetes, then the chances are strong that you will diagnose with it. You should need to check your blood so that you can start your treatment on time.
  2. If you are diagnosed with pancreas disease, then you have more chances to get type 1diabetes. Because, in this disease the ability of making insulin can be slow down.
  3. Some infections and illness are rear to develop in the body, can damage your pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes develops in middle aged and adult people who suffers from overweight or obese. However,  it can also occur any time in your life. It is caused by a combination of different factors like insulin resistance, a condition in which body, liver cells and when fat do not use the insulin properly.

  1. It is proven that, those people suffer from overweight and obesity. They have more chances of type two diabetes. In U.S teenagers are more affected with this disease.
  2. High blood pressure also a reason of type 2 diabetes.
  3. Family history; a person whose parents have this problem, can usually suffer with diabetes.
  4. Insulin resistance means your pancreas work hard to make a enough insulin to meet your body needs.
  5. Low level of good cholesterol and high level of triglycerides.
  6. Those women who diagnosed with Polycystic ovary syndrome have a high rick of diabetes.
  7. If you are over 45 and overweight, then there might be chances of diabetes.

Treatment of Diabetes:

  1. Eat healthy food which is high in fiber and low in fat. You will also eat fewer animal products, refined carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and sweets. A professional dietitian can help you to make a meal plan, so that you can reach on your health goal.
  2. Regularly monitor your blood sugar. Because it can increase or decrease anytime. That’s why, It is important to ask your doctor how often you check your blood sugar.
  3. Some people cure their diabetes with right food, exercises and blood sugar level. However, some people need to use medication and insulin therapy for better health.
  4. If you have type 2 diabetes and your body mass index is greater than 35, you may need weight loss surgery. You also need to stable your blood sugar in 55 to 95.
  5. If you are pregnant, then you need to be more alert during this condition. Immediately go to your doctor and check the level of diabetes you have, to save your child’s life.
  6. Physical activities are also helpful to reduce the level of blood sugar in your body. Use a combination of exercises, such as aerobic, yoga twice a week, walking or dancing on most days.

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